Cities are the space where environmental noise finds its most evident manifestation. For this reason it can be considered that environmental noise is a problem that concerns urbanism and in many cases is also a reflection of poor urban planning. This paper shows a methodology that incorporates urban analysis to find the relationships that exist between urban aspects and environmental noise in public space, in representative areas of the city. The urban environment is analyzed through statistical and cartographic data and noise maps to show the impact of environmental noise with greater definition. The analysis of the sound environment is also incorporated by means of binaural sound registers and acoustic measurements. Some specific examples of the interpretation of data and contributions to the study of environmental noise are shown through the joint analysis of the various urban, social and demographic factors that make it up. The sound environment of cities, perhaps the most important element in the perception and definition of the character and urban image of cities is still absent from the concepts of urbanism and what this study presents is a possible approach to incorporate it.