Effects of aircraft noise and living environment on children´s well-being and health
* Presenting author
There are few and inconsistent results suggesting that chronic exposure to aircraft noise is associated with poorer quality of life or health in children. In their WHO review, Clark & Paunovic (2018) pointed out, that the current evidence is insufficient. Previous publications mainly analyzed the isolated relationships between single stressors (e. g. aircraft noise, pollution) and health in children. A combined consideration of environmental stressors and residential environment factors, such as household crowding, access to green/open space urbanity, and other urban planning data did not occur. In the NORAH study (Klatte et al., 2016), health, noise exposure, and a variety of potential moderating variables (residential environments factors) were assessed from second-graders who live in the vicinity of the Frankfurt/Main airport, Germany. We present a theoretically motivated secondary analysis of the NORAH data set. Post hoc, we linked this data with spatial and urban planning data, to model the impact of aircraft noise and children´s real life circumstances. We calculated moderated and mediated regression models and found empirical evidence for moderation effects in the relationship between noise, residential environment and well-being or health.